Medical Record Analysis

Medical Health

We looked at the main causes of male health issues

Colon Cancer

The risks of developing colon cancer

  • Age, genetics, and exposure to risk factors 

  • 1 in 15 UK males will be diagnosed with Colon cancer 

  • 54%  diagnosed cases were preventable

  • 13%  of cases caused by eating processed meat

  • 11%  of cases caused by overweight and obesity

  • 6% of cases caused by alcohol

  • 7% of cases caused by smoking

  • 2% of cases caused by ionising radiation

  • 5% of cases caused by  too little physical activity

  • 28% of cases caused by eating too little fibre

Heart Disease (CVD)

The risks of developing heart disease

  • Each year CVD causes 17 million deaths worldwide

  • The UK has a high death rate compared to other countries

  • Estimated 80% to 90% of people dying from CVD have had a major risk to lifestyle choices - such as:-

  • High blood pressure 

  • Smoking 

  • Diets high in saturated fats and cholesterol 

  • Diets lacking fibre

  • Lack of physical activity (sedentary lifestyle)

  • Obesity

Prostate cancer

The risks of developing prostrate cancer

  • Each year CVD causes 17 million deaths worldwide

  • The UK has a high death rate compared to other countries

  • Estimated 80% to 90% of people dying from CVD have had a major risk to lifestyle choices - such as:-

  • High blood pressure 

  • Smoking 

  • Diets high in saturated fats and cholesterol 

  • Diets lacking fibre

  • Lack of physical activity (sedentary lifestyle)

  • Obesity

Diabetes

The risks of developing diabetes

  • In 2025 it is estimated 5m people in the UK will have type 2 diabetes, the current population of Scotland

  • Age, men over 40 are more at risk

  • High blood pressure

  • Father or Brother who was diagnosed with it are more susceptible

  • Obesity - overweight and carry weight around your middle

  • Sedentary lifestye

  • Alcohol - if you drink more than 14 units of alcohol a week

  • Disturbed sleep pattern

Alzheimers

The risk of developing Alzheimers

  • Men are slightly less at risk than women, ageing factors over 50:-

  • Higher blood pressure

  • Obesity

  • Diabetes

  • High cholesterol

  • Head injuries

  • Increased risk of cardiovascular diseases (eg heart disease and stroke) 

  • Changes to nerve cells, DNA and cell structure

  • Loss of sex hormones after mid-life changes

  • Weakening of the body’s natural repair systems

  • Weakened immune system.

Arthritis

The risk of developing Arthritis

  • Arthritis

  • Overweight and Obesity

  • Infection

  • Joint injuries

  • Occupation - repetitive strain

  • Smoking

  • Age

  • Genetics

 

Common messages of Medical Health

The common themes to all of the terrible illnesses above are as follows:-

Fruit and Fibre

Remember your 7 a day, it's so important to make sure you eat your daily recommended dose.

Image by asoggetti

Sleep

Try and get a minimum of 7 hours sleep a night, try and leave gadgets out of the bedroom. This is your time to rest and recover.

Man Sleeping

Fitness

Try and do 60 minutes of something every day, doing 15,000 steps is a great way of getting out and about whilst still being low impact.

Fitness
 

Overweight / Obesity

Try to aim for a BMI of between 18.5 and 24.9 and a fat percentage of less than 25%.

Image by Ehimetalor Akhere Unuabona

Alcohol

Try to reduce your alcohol consumption to 14 units per week. Try to spread this out evenly during a week, to avoid binge drinking. 

Image by radovan

Smoking

If you can try to stop smoking or otherwise cut right back.

Image by Julia Engel

DON'T FORGET THE FREE NHS MOT

Don't forget to get a regular check up to test vital signs, in the UK the NHS provides a check up once every 5 years to anyone over 50. Don't forget to do this.
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